MARICOPA COUNTY JUVENILE COURT TOUR

MARICOPA COUNTY JUVENILE COURT TOUR

MARICOPA COUNTY JUVENILE COURT TOUR

What Happens if I go to Court? An Overview of Delinquency Proceedings in Arizona Superior Court: One Judge's Perspective Written and Narrated by: Honorable Samuel A. Thumma* * Judge, Arizona Superior Court, Maricopa County, Phoenix, Arizona. The views expressed are those of the author and do not represent those of the Arizona Superior Court. The author wishes to express his sincere appreciation to extern Kelly Moore for her helpful comments on a prior version of this article.  read more

ARIZONA LAW

ARIZONA LAW

Arizona Law Under Arizona law, a person who is not yet 18 years old is called a juvenile. When someone claims that a juvenile broke the law, the police or others may investigate. A document claiming that the juvenile broke the law then may be filed with a court. This article describes what might happen when such a claim ends up in my courtroom in the Juvenile Division of the Arizona Superior Court in Maricopa County. read more

IMPORTANT LIMITS OF THIS ARTICLE

IMPORTANT LIMITS OF THIS ARTICLE

Important Limits of this Article Let me start with some important limits. This article is a short summary and leaves out many, many important details. Understand that a courtroom is an unnatural setting for most people and court likely will not be a pleasant thing for most juveniles. Also understand that each judge runs his or her court a little differently. In addition, this article does not address any specific case or claim. Instead, this article highlights some of the things that might happen read more

CHARGES, OFFENSES, AND NOTICE

CHARGES, OFFENSES, AND NOTICE

Charges, Offenses and Notice A claim that a juvenile broke the law is called a charge. A charge is made in a document given to the court, usually called a Citation or called a Petition. A Citation usually is prepared by a police officer. A speeding ticket is an example of a Citation. A Petition is signed by a lawyer. A Citation or Petition will list the name and address of the juvenile charged with breaking the law, how and where the juvenile is alleged to have broken the law (sometimes called an read more

HEARING

HEARING

What is a Hearing? A hearing is where the juvenile sees the judge at court. Hearings are held in a courtroom at the courthouse. The courtroom will have a bench (like a very large desk) where the judge sits; tables where other participants sit and benches where observers can sit. read more

IN THE COURTROOM

IN THE COURTROOM

IN THIS PHOTO: From left to right closer row - Gregory F., Juvenile Probation Officer; Mayela T., Translator; Parents; You would sit in the empty seat between the Deputy Public Defender and a parent or guardian; Katherine S., Deputy Public Defender, Barbara C., Bailiff; Tysia N., Clerk of Court. From left to right further row - Kim H., Court Reporter; Heather M., witness; Judge Samuel Thumma In the Courtroom The judge will sit at the front of the courtroom behind the bench. There also will be an read more

THINK ABOUT YOUR ACTIONS IN COURT

THINK ABOUT YOUR ACTIONS IN COURT

IN THIS PHOTO: Tysia N., Clerk of Court   Think About Your Actions In Court The court takes hearings seriously, meaning a juvenile needs to do so as well. Here are some of my suggestions for how to prepare for a hearing in my court: Come to court before the hearing is scheduled to start. To see the judge at a hearing, a juvenile will need to go to the courthouse; pass through court security; go to the right courtroom; find the right attorney and do other things, all before the hearing is scheduled read more

TYPES OF HEARINGS

TYPES OF HEARINGS

IN THIS PHOTO: From left to right - Barbara C., Bailiff; Katherine S., Deputy Public Defender; You would sit in the empty seat between the Deputy Public Defender and a parent or guardian; Parents; Mayela T., Translator; Gregory F., Juvenile Probation Officer; Sean C., Deputy County Attorney   Types of Hearings Although there are many different types of hearings in juvenile court, the three basics are: (1) Advisory; (2) Adjudication and (3) Disposition Hearings. An Advisory Hearing is the first read more

ADVISORY HEARING

ADVISORY HEARING

IN THIS PHOTO: Judge Samuel Thumma; Mayela T., Translator; Parents   The Advisory Hearing The Advisory Hearing also is designed to make sure that the juvenile knows he or she has certain rights, including: The right to be represented by an attorney. The right to a trial on the charge. That the juvenile is presumed innocent and that the charge must be proven by proof beyond a reasonable doubt. The right to confront and ask questions of people who might testify at trial. The right to call read more

PLEA

PLEA

IN THIS PHOTO: From left to right - Katherine S., Deputy Public Defender; You would sit in the empty seat between the Deputy Public Defender and a parent or guardian; Parents; Mayela T., Translator   Admission (Change of Plea) Before accepting any admission (sometimes called a change of plea), the plea needs to be supported by facts. The plea also needs to be voluntary and made knowingly and intelligently and with an understanding of the possible consequences. To be able to make those findings, read more

THE DECISION

THE DECISION

IN THIS PHOTO: From left to right closer row - Mayela T., Translator; Parents; You would sit in the empty seat between the Deputy Public Defender and a parent or guardian; Katherine S., Deputy Public Defender. From left to right further row - Kim H., Court Reporter; Judge Samuel Thumma   The Decision At the end of each hearing, I will decide whether the juvenile should be released or detained (locked up). A juvenile can be detained for a variety of reasons, including where there is reason to read more

ADJUDICATION HEARING (TRIAL)

ADJUDICATION HEARING (TRIAL)

IN THIS PHOTO: From left to right - Kim H., Court Reporter; Heather M., witness   Adjudication Hearing If a juvenile denies the charge and wants a trial, the court will schedule an Adjudication Hearing. The Adjudication Hearing is a trial, where people come to court, take an oath to tell the truth and testify about the charge. The court also can receive documents offered at trial to evaluate the charge. At trial, the court first hears evidence from the prosecutor. The court then hears any evidence read more

DISPOSITION HEARING (SENTENCING)

DISPOSITION HEARING (SENTENCING)

IN THIS PHOTO: From left to right row - Mayela T., Translator; Gregory F., Juvenile Probation Officer; Sean C., Deputy County Attorney   Disposition Hearing A Disposition Hearing is where consequences are imposed and has some similarities to a sentencing hearing in criminal court. Generally, before a Disposition Hearing, a Juvenile Probation Officer will prepare a written Disposition Report. That report will include all sorts of information about the juvenile and makes a recommendation about read more

CONCLUSION

CONCLUSION

IN THIS PHOTO: From left to right - Katherine S., Deputy Public Defender; You would sit in the empty seat between the Deputy Public Defender and a parent or guardian; Parents; Mayela T., Translator; Gregory F., Juvenile Probation Officer; Sean C., Deputy County Attorney   Conclusion As stated at the beginning, a courtroom is an unnatural setting for most people and court likely will not be a pleasant thing for most juveniles. This article cannot, and does not attempt to, change that fact. What read more

  • MARICOPA COUNTY JUVENILE COURT TOUR

    MARICOPA COUNTY...

    What Happens if I go to Court? An Overview of Delinquency...

  • ARIZONA LAW

    ARIZONA LAW

    Arizona Law Under Arizona law, a person who is not yet 18...

  • IMPORTANT LIMITS OF THIS ARTICLE

    IMPORTANT LIMITS OF...

    Important Limits of this Article Let me start with some...

  • CHARGES, OFFENSES, AND NOTICE

    CHARGES, OFFENSES, AND...

    Charges, Offenses and Notice A claim that a juvenile broke the...

  • HEARING

    HEARING

    What is a Hearing? A hearing is where the juvenile sees the...

  • IN THE COURTROOM

    IN THE COURTROOM

    IN THIS PHOTO: From left to right closer row - Gregory F.,...

  • THINK ABOUT YOUR ACTIONS IN COURT

    THINK ABOUT YOUR...

    IN THIS PHOTO: Tysia N., Clerk of Court   Think About Your...

  • TYPES OF HEARINGS

    TYPES OF HEARINGS

    IN THIS PHOTO: From left to right - Barbara C., Bailiff;...

  • ADVISORY HEARING

    ADVISORY HEARING

    IN THIS PHOTO: Judge Samuel Thumma; Mayela T., Translator;...

  • PLEA

    PLEA

    IN THIS PHOTO: From left to right - Katherine S., Deputy Public...

  • THE DECISION

    THE DECISION

    IN THIS PHOTO: From left to right closer row - Mayela T.,...

  • ADJUDICATION HEARING (TRIAL)

    ADJUDICATION HEARING...

    IN THIS PHOTO: From left to right - Kim H., Court Reporter;...

  • DISPOSITION HEARING (SENTENCING)

    DISPOSITION HEARING...

    IN THIS PHOTO: From left to right row - Mayela T., Translator;...

  • CONCLUSION

    CONCLUSION

    IN THIS PHOTO: From left to right - Katherine S., Deputy Public...